Oral surgery is a speciality that deals with the treatment and ongoing management of irregularities and pathology of the jaw and mouth that require surgical intervention.
Although the surgical removal of teeth is the most common procedure performed by oral surgeons, there is a broad scope to the speciality which includes the management of hard and soft tissue problems, oral infections, bone trauma and pain in the mouth, jaws and face.
Oral surgeons also play a role in supporting orthodontics and are instrumental in bone augmentation before the insertion of dental implants, when bone matter is appended to the jawbone, stimulating bone regeneration in order to permanently anchor the implants.
Other procedures carried out in oral surgery include the extraction of broken roots which are still embedded in the jawbone and the removal of cysts or other growths from the jaws. Soft tissue surgery such as biopsies and the removal of lumps or growths on the lips or cheeks and wisdom tooth extractions are also the responsibility of oral surgeons.
The extraction of third molars is one of the most common oral surgery procedures because, owing to the position of the wisdom teeth in many cases, they do not fully emerge into the mouth and can become impacted against the next molar or against the bone of the jaw.
For most people, an impacted wisdom tooth does not cause any problems, but some people can suffer inflammation of the surrounding gum, a higher risk of tooth decay and gum disease in the adjacent area. If the wisdom teeth become symptomatic and the decision is taken to surgically remove an impacted third molar then referral to an oral surgeon is usually required.
Patients can undergo most types of oral surgery comfortably under local anaesthetic, although the Harley Street Dental and Implant Clinic team always discuss the option of inhalation sedation or unconscious sedation with nervous patients.
If you think you may need to undergo oral surgery, book a consultation with an oral surgeon at Harley Street Dental and Implant Clinic, who will examine your mouth and explain whether it is suitable for you.